| English as a Second Language (ESL) training is important for international students studying in any state. English is the primary language of all states in the USA and, except for specific classes in other languages, academic studies at all levels are carried out in English. It is needed for everything from reading street signs to writing a dissertation, and the faster you acquire a firm grasp of English, the easier your studies and life in the USA will be. Please note that the information below is a general guide for students researching American ESL programs and schools, and applies to all states. For the most current and specific details, students should therefore also refer to individual schools.
ESL training is offered by many different institutions, including colleges and universities, high schools and private language schools. Most of these will offer some kind of initial exam, such as TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language), TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication) and IELTS (International English Language Testing System). These tests help place students according to their needs and skill level. After the ESL level is mastered, you can pursue English for Academic Purposes, or EAP. The EAP program is designed to help students attain the level of English necessary to excel in academic reading and writing.
ESL and EAP instruction programs take different forms, such as conversation clubs, private tutorials or group work in a classroom setting. They are all highly participatory classes, so you may have to overcome some shyness. ESL programs may be intensive immersion programs, or the classes may be more flexible, designed to fit around a student's schedule. Not only will you participate in the classroom, but schools often offer weekend or evening activities. ESL students may find themselves sailing, mountain biking, horseback riding, windsurfing, or playing baseball, tennis or beach volleyball. These types of activities allow international students to integrate not only with their classmates, but with other local people as well.
Expect to find ESL areas of study like business English, conversational English, English for specific purposes (medical, legal, dental, etc.), English for the workplace, integrated programs (read, write, listen, speak), teacher training programs, language test preparation and university and college preparation.
You should also expect to make some new friends!